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ตอนที่ 59 : International Women's Day: Sexism rife in textbooks, says Unesco

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    8 มี.ค. 59

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http://www.bbc.com/news/education-35745327


Sexist attitudes are "rife" in school textbooks used in developing countries, according to Unesco.

The United Nations agency, marking International Women's Day, says negative stereotyping undermines the education of girls.

It says too often female figures are represented in textbooks as "nurturing drudges" in domestic roles.

This is a "hidden obstacle" to gender equality, says Unesco's Manos Antoninis.


What is International Women's Day?

International Women's Day has been held on 8 March every year since 1913, and has been recognised by the United Nations since 1975.

The UN says it's a time to reflect on progress made, to call for change and to celebrate acts of courage and determination by ordinary women who have played an extraordinary role in the history of their countries and communities.

The theme of this year's day is "Planet 50-50 by 2030" - aiming to achieve global equality in areas such as education and end all forms of discrimination.

 

Unesco has campaigned to provide education for tens of millions of children without access to school - and in many poorer countries girls are the most likely to miss out.

This report highlights how female characters frequently appear in a secondary role in the books they use at school - and warns that it limits girls' career expectations.

 

"Ensuring all boys and girls go to school is only part of the battle," says Manos Antoninis, from Unesco's global education monitoring report.

"What they are being taught is equally, if not more, important. Persistent gender bias in textbooks is sapping girls' motivation, self-esteem and participation in school."

Unesco is inviting people to send in their own examples from text books, using the Twitter hashtag #BetweentheLines.

With examples from countries in Asia and Africa, the report says that men in textbooks are more likely to be depicted as business leaders, shopkeepers, engineers, scientists and politicians, while women remain likely to be seen in roles such as cooking or childcare.

Apart from gender stereotyping, the study says that text books are much more likely to depict men than women - and that is even more pronounced in science or maths text books.

 

It says that in some cases only about one in 20 characters in science textbooks is female.

But the report says that there has been only slow progress in trying to get more equal representation.

It says there has been a lack of political will to pursue this and in some cases resistance from those responsible for school curricula or for producing textbooks.

Also marking International Women's Day is a report, Poverty is Sexist, from the development campaign group, One.

It says that gender inequality and poverty are interlinked, with women in poor countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, likely to be worse off than their male counterparts.

 

The report says there are half a billion women around the world who cannot read - two thirds of the global total. As an example, in Mali, 93% of girls will never attend school.

The campaign has drawn up a list of countries where it is "toughest to be born a girl", based on criteria such as access to health and education, economic opportunities, access to a bank account and political representation.

The top 10 in this ranking are: Niger, Somalia, Mali, Central African Republic, Yemen, DR Congo, Afghanistan, Cote d'Ivoire, Chad and Comoros.

 

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Rife (Adj.)

If something ​unpleasant is rife, it is very ​common or ​happensa lot

full of something ​unpleasant

 

 undermines (v.)

to make someone less ​confident, less ​powerful, or less ​likelyto ​succeed, or to make something ​weaker, often ​gradually:

 

nurture (v.)

to take ​care of, ​feed, and ​protect someone or something, ​especially young children or ​plants, and ​help him, her, or it to ​develop

to ​help a ​plan or a ​person to ​develop and be ​successful:

(n.)

the way in which ​children are ​treated as they are ​growing, ​especially as ​compared with the ​characteristics they are ​bornwith:

 

 

drudges (n.)

a ​person who has to ​work hard at ​boring and ​unpleasanttasks and who is not ​respected by other ​people :

 

Persistent (adj.)

 lasting for a ​long time or ​difficult to get ​rid of:

 Someone who is persistent ​continues doing something or ​tries to do something in a ​determined but often ​unreasonable way:

 

bias (n.)

the ​action of ​supporting or ​opposing a ​particular person or thing in an ​unfair way, because of ​allowing personal opinions to ​influence your judgment

 the ​fact of ​preferring a ​particular subject or thing

 

sap (v.)

to make someone ​weaker or take away ​strength or an ​important quality from someone, ​especially over a ​longperiod of ​time:

 

depicted (v.)

to ​represent or show something in a ​picture or ​story:

 

pursue (v.)

to ​follow someone or something, usually to ​try to ​catch him, her, or it:

to ​try very hard to ​persuade someone to ​accept a ​job:

 to ​try to ​discover information about a ​subject

to ​try very hard to ​persuade someone to have a ​relationshipwith you

 If you pursue a ​plan, ​activity, or ​situation, you ​try to do it or ​achieve it, usually over a ​long period of ​time:

:

 curricula  (n.)

 the ​subjects studied in a ​school, ​college, etc. and what each ​subject includes:

 

 Poverty (n.)

the ​condition of being ​extremely poor

a ​lack of something or when the ​quality of something is ​extremely low

 

Counterpart (n.)

 a ​person or thing that has the same ​purpose as another one in a different ​place or ​organization:

 

 criterion (n.)

 a ​standard by which you ​judge, ​decide about, or ​deal with something:

 

 

 


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