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ตอนที่ 3 : Taiwan elects first female president

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    17 ม.ค. 59


BBC NEWS : http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-35333647


Tsai Ing-wen elected Taiwan's first female president

  • ข่าววันที่ 16


Tsai Ing-wen has been elected Taiwan's first female president.

Ms Tsai, 59, leads the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) that wants independence from China.

In her victory speech, she vowed to preserve the status quo in relations with China, adding Beijing must respect Taiwan's democracy and both sides must ensure there are no provocations.

China sees the island as a breakaway province - which it has threatened to take back by force if necessary.

In her speech, Ms Tsai hailed a "new era" in Taiwan and pledged to co-operate with other political parties on major issues.

The will of the Taiwanese people would be the basis for relations with China, Ms Tsai said.

"I also want to emphasise that both sides of the Taiwanese Strait have a responsibility to find mutually acceptable means of interaction that are based on dignity and reciprocity.

"We must ensure that no provocations or accidents take place," Ms Tsai said, warning that "any forms of suppression will harm the stability of cross-strait relations".

She thanked the US and Japan for their support and vowed Taiwan would contribute to peace and stability in the region.

Ms Tsai had a commanding lead in the vote count when Eric Chu of the ruling Kuomintang (KMT) admitted defeat.

Mr Chu congratulated Tsai Ing-wen and announced he was quitting as KMT head. Taiwan's Premier Mao Chi-kuo also resigned.

 

The election came just months after a historic meeting between the leaders of Taiwan and China.

However, the flagging economy as well as Taiwan's relationship with China both played a role in the voters' choice, correspondents say.

The KMT has been in power for most of the past 70 years and has overseen improved relations with Beijing - Ms Tsai's is only the second-ever victory for the DPP.

The first was by pro-independence advocate Chen Shui-bian; during his time as president between 2000 and 2008 tensions with China escalated.


Analysis: Cindy Sui, BBC News, Taipei

The election result marks a turning point in Taiwan's democracy and relationship with China.

The DPP win means the island is moving towards a political system in which voters prefer to transfer power from one party to another, ending decades of mostly KMT rule.

That could make relations with China uncertain, because unlike the KMT, the DPP favours Taiwan's independence and does not recognise the Republic of China (Taiwan's official name) and the People's Republic of China as part of "one China".

The KMT was the Communists' bitter enemy during the civil war. It fled to Taiwan after losing the civil war and its charter and leaders still favour eventual unification. It remains China's best hope - and perhaps only hope - of peacefully reunifying with Taiwan

Beijing has been closely watching the elections to gauge Taiwanese people's sentiments and what those sentiments will mean for its goal of reunifying with the last inhabited territory - following Hong Kong and Macau - that it feels was unfairly snatched from it by Japan as a colony in 1895, and then ruled separately by the KMT after the civil war.


Ms Tsai, a former scholar, has said she wants to "maintain [the] status quo" with China.

She became chairwoman of the DPP in 2008, after it saw a string of corruption scandals.

She lost a presidential bid in 2012 but has subsequently led the party to regional election victories. She has won increased support from the public partly because of widespread dissatisfaction over the KMT and President Ma Ying-jeou's handling of the economy and widening wealth gap.

                                                                                                                           




VOCABULARY

Democratic  (adj.)

based on the ​principles of ​democracy:

            Democracy (n.)

the ​belief in ​freedom and equality between ​people, or a ​system of ​government based on this ​belief, in which ​power is either ​held by ​elected representatives or ​directly by the ​people themselves:

 

preserve  (v.)

 to ​keep something as it is, ​especially in ​order to ​prevent it from ​decaying or being ​damaged or ​destroyed:

 

provocations. (n.)

 an ​action or ​statement that is ​intended to make someone ​angry:

 

pledge (n.)

a ​serious or ​formal promise, ​especially one to give ​money or to be a ​friend, or something that you give as a ​sign that you will ​keep a ​promise:

 

Strait (n.)

[C usually plural] a ​narrow area of ​sea that ​connects two ​largerareas of ​sea:

a ​difficult situation, ​especially because of ​financial problems:

 

dignity (n.)

the ​importance and ​value that a ​person has, that makes other ​people respect them or makes them ​respect themselves:

calm, ​serious, and ​controlled behaviour that makes ​peoplerespect you:

 

 

reciprocity.(n.)

behaviour in which two ​people or ​groups of ​people give each other ​help and ​advantages

 

suppression (n.)

the ​act of ​ending something by ​force

the ​act of ​preventing something from being ​seen or ​expressed or from ​operating:

 

contribute (v.)

to give something, ​especially money, in ​order to ​provide or ​achieve something together with other ​people:

to write ​articles for a ​newspaper, ​magazine, or ​book:

 

correspondents  (n.)

a ​person employed by a ​newspaper, a ​television station, etc. to ​report on a ​particular subject or ​send reports from a ​foreign country:

 

overseen (v.)

to ​watch or ​organize a ​job or an ​activity to make ​certain that it is being done ​correctly:

 

advocate (v.)

 to ​publicly support or ​suggest an ​idea, ​development, or way of doing something:

 

escalated. (v.)

 to ​become or make something ​become greater or more ​serious:

 

decades  (n.)

a ​period of ten ​years, ​especially a ​period such as 2010 to 2019

fled (flee) (v.)

to ​escape by ​running away, ​especially because of ​danger or ​fear:

to ​quickly go to another ​country in ​order to ​escape from something or someone:

 

charter (n.)

a ​formal statement of the ​rights of a country's ​people, or of an ​organization or a ​particular social group, that is ​agreedby or ​demanded from a ​ruler or ​government:

the ​renting of a ​vehicle:

 

unification (n.)

the ​forming of a ​single thing by ​bringing together ​separateparts:

 

reunifying (v.)

to ​join together into one ​country, ​parts of a ​country that were ​divided

 

gauge  (v.)

to ​calculate an ​amount, ​especially by using a ​measuringdevice:

to make a ​judgment about something, usually people's ​feelings:

 

sentiments (n.)

a ​thought, ​opinion, or ​idea based on a ​feelingabout a ​situation, or a way of ​thinking about something:

gentle feelings such as ​sympathy, ​love, etc., ​especially when ​considered to be ​silly or not ​suitable:

 

inhabited (v.)

 to ​live in a ​place:

 

territory (n.)

(an ​area of) ​land, or sometimes ​sea, that is ​considered as ​belonging to or ​connected with a ​particular country or ​person

an ​area that an ​animal or ​person tries to ​control or ​thinksbelongs to them:

 

snatched  (v.)

to take ​hold of something ​suddenly and ​roughly:

 to take something or someone away by ​force:

 to do or get something ​quickly because you only have a ​short amount of ​time:

 

chairwoman  (n.)

a woman in ​charge of a ​meeting or ​organization

 

bid (v.)

 to ​offer a ​particular amount of ​money for something that is for ​sale and ​compete against other ​people to ​buy it, ​especially at a ​public sale of ​goods or ​property:

If two or more ​people bid for a ​job, they ​compete with each other to do the ​work by ​offering to do it for a ​particularamount of ​money

If someone bids to do something, they ​competewith other ​people to do it:

 

subsequently (adj.)

 happening after something ​else:

 

 regional (n.)

a ​particular area or ​part of the ​world, or any of the ​largeofficial areas into which a ​country is ​divided:

an ​area of a ​country, ​especially one that has a ​particularcharacteristic or is ​known for something:

 

          in the region of =  approximately:

 

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